Saturday, February 21, 2015
Anjou and Angevines – Dining in the Maine et Loire, France.
Behind the French Menu
Bryan G. Newman
Photograph courtesy of roger4336.
Anjou and the French revolution
Anjou was an ancient province in France with its capital the city of Angers. During the French revolution most of Anjou was included in the new department of Maine-et-Loire. However, the city of Angers kept its important role and is the prefecture, the regional capital, for the department of Maine et Loire. For most Angevines, the citizens of Anjou, not too much of their geography has changed.
Anjou is in the Pays de Loire, the region that includes the department of Maine et Loire. It is justly referred to as the market garden of France. The City of Angers sits across the Maine and Loire Rivers, and is very close to another five rivers. Not surprisingly, the vineyards of Anjou, the Angevine vineyards, are the largest in the whole Loire Valley.
On the menu in Anjou:
Brochet au Beurre Blanc – Pike, the fish, in a white butter sauce. This white butter sauce is also called Beurre Nantaise, the butter sauce from the city of Nantes. Nantes is just a one-hour drive 90km (56 miles) from Angers.
Brochet - Pike in the wild.
Photograph courtesy of nicolas.kennis.
Poularde a l'Angevine - A large, young, chicken cooked in a red Anjou wine with vegetables, herbs, shallots and garlic. Poulardes, also called poulardes gras, are young chickens that were spayed in order to fatten them quickly. Most will be over two kilos (4.5lbs) when they reach your table.
Salade Angevine – A salad of mâche, boiled potatoes, hard boiled eggs, served in a wine vinegar vinaigrette sauce. The recipe for the traditional Angevine salad is not written in stone. From the vegetarian version noted here others will offer additions of cured ham, smoked duck’s breast, tomatoes and possibly cheese. Mache, lamb’s lettuce or field lettuce in English, is definitely one of France’s best and most popular salad greens. Mache is also called Mache Nantaise, since around the City of Nantes 80% of all France’s mâche is grown.
Photograph courtesy of Boris Mitendorfer Photography.
Pate a Prunes a la Angevine – A traditional Anjou plum pie. Correctly this will be made with Anjou’s native Reine-Claude plums baked in pâte sable, a sweet shortcake pastry.
Be careful with the French words used for plums and prunes. A pruneaux is
a prune, a dried plum. However, a prune in French is a plum in English.
A pate a prunes.
Photograph courtesy of fxbodin.com.
The Reine-Claude plumb is the greengage plum in the UK and North America. Its French name is dedicated to one of France’s most popular queens; Queen Claude (1499 – 1524).
Photograph courtesy of keepps
The Reine-Claude plum was brought from France to England in the early 18th century by Sir Thomas Gage; hence the greengage plum. Despite this plum’s long French history, all plums originated in Asia. The Reine-Claude originally came to France with the Romans. The Romans also brought apricots, cherries, grapevines and much more. Aside from fruit trees, stadiums, temples and gladiators the Romans brought snail farms and the method of raising geese for their fattened liver.
The wines of Anjou
An Anjou white.
Photograph courtesy of titanium22.
Beef and poultry in Anjou.
From Anjou comes the Rouge des Prés AOP, the second breed of French cattle to receive an AOP rating for the consistent and unique quality of their meat. Their beef is considered second to none.
Anjou also has an wealth of excellent local poultry. Especially their much appreciated Volaille de Loué, Label Rouge, red label, poultry. The Volaille de Loué poultry includes organically raised chickens, chicken’s eggs, ducks, geese, guinea fowl and turkeys. These are 95% free-range poultry and are not exposed to antibiotics, growth hormones or fed any animal products. They are fed corn, wheat, soybeans and minerals along with whatever they find freely in the fields. Also, France permits no genetically altered corn or grain for human or animal consumption. Visitors can visit farms where chickens and other Loué poultry are raised.
AB organic Chicken eggs from Loué
On your menu may be:
Faux-Filet de Bœuf Rouge des Prés Poêlé à l’Anjou Rouge, Os à Moelle – An on the bone strip or sirloin steak of Maine Anjou beef pan fried in a red Anjou wine. A faux-fillet, also called a contre-fillet in France, is a US strip steak and in the UK a sirloin steak.
Suprême de Poulet de Loué au Foie Gras – Breast of Loué chicken served with fattened duck liver.
Suprême de Poulet
Photograph courtesy of Paris-Sharing.com
Fish on the menu in Anjou.
Have you had too much of the local beef and poultry? Look on the menu for the local, freshwater fish. These will include alose, shad; brochet, pike; carpe, carp; lamproie, lamprey; sandre, pike-perch, perche, perch; saumon de Loire, salmon from the Loire river, and their highly rated local anguilles and frogs.
Les Délices de Loire, Sandre et Saumon aux Beurre Blanc – Treats from the River Loire; pike-perch and salmon served together with a white butter sauce.
Matelote d'Anguilles à l'Angevine - Eel stew in the manner of the Angevines, the residents of Anjou. Anjou eel stew is made with a red Anjou wine
In season, wild mushrooms and berries will be on many menus. Look on menus for desserts made with the Reinette du Mans, a local heirloom apple. Also remember Anjou is the only place to taste a genuine Poire Anjou, the original Anjou pear.
Gateau de Poire d'Anjou- A cake usually looking more like a pie, made with the Anjou pear.
Photograph courtesy of mbrigby.
Restaurants will offer local cheeses along with other cheeses from the Pay du Loire. The most well-known local cheeses are goats’ cheeses including the Bûchette d'Anjou and the St Maure de Touraine AOP. The St Maure de Touraine AOP is a 45% fat goat’s milk cheese made from unpasteurized milk. It is shaped, like many goat’s cheeses as a small log. Each cheese weighs 250 grams. However, each cheese has a straw through the center. Every straw has a mark which indicates the producer..
The St Maure de Touraine AOP cheese with the straw showing.
Photograph courtesy of jwill.
Anjou has a unique history.
Anjou is not just unique because it has more chateaus and castles than any other part of France, which it does.. However, Angers, the capital of Anjou, was also the birthplace of the first Angevine Plantagenet King of England. That was King Henry II of England, an ancestor of the reigning British royals. The French Angevine family was called Plantagenet, and they ruled Anjou. Count Geoffrey of Anjou married Matilda (Maud) of Britain, a granddaughter of William the Conqueror. Their son was King Henry II of England and he was the next in line to rule Anjou as well. If that was not enough through his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, King Henry II ruled all of Aquitaine and separately he had claims on Normandy. Now the French had an English King claiming to rule half of France and looking at the rest! That began hundreds of years of wars between England and France. Finally, with the exile of Napoleon I the English claims on France ended. Peace broke out and English tourists began arriving in France.
The Flag of the Plantagenet’s.
King Henry II’s son was Richard I of England (1157-1199); better known as Richard Coeur de Lion, Richard the Lion heart. Richard the Lion heart was the second Plantagenêt King of England. Despite all the children’s stories about Richard the Lion heart, while he was born in England, he spoke no English, only French. When he was King he visited England, maybe twice in his life. Richard was buried in the Abbey church of Fontevraud, on the banks of the Vienne River, near Chinon, France. His father, Henry II and his mother Eleanour were also buried there. Their effigies remain; their bones were mostly thrown out during the French revolution. How Richard the Lion heart, became a favorite of English children’s storybooks is beyond me.
The British Royal Standard, today.
The three lions in the British Royal Standard were the symbol of the French Plantagenet’s.
For many visitors to Anjou its most celebrated city, is not Angers, it is Le Mans. Le Mans is home to the famous international 24 hours Le Mans car race. This race emphasizes the durability of a car and not its speed alone. The winner of the Le Mans race is the car that has driven the furthest in 24 hours. During those 24 hours, there may be three drivers or possibly more. The race is held in mid-June, and the French Government Tourist office will have next year’s dates. Le Mans also has the largest go-kart track in the world and a famous vintage car museum. Le Mans to Angers is 1 hour, 96 km (60 miles).
Escargots - Snails on French Menus and How to Order Snails in France. If You Enjoy Cockels, Mussels and Conches, Then Snails will not be Strange.
Montmorency Cherries on French Menus. Camille Pissarro and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who made the village of Montmorency internationally famous.
The New French Wine Labels. What has changed in French wines? What is an AOP, an IGP and a Vin de France.
Bryan G, Newman
Behind the French Menu.
Copyright 2010, 2015.
For information on the unpublished book behind this blog contact Bryan Newman