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Friday, August 3, 2012

Crevettes - Shrimps and Prawns on French Menus. Shrimps and Prawns are Some of the Many Tasty Crustaceans seen in French Cuisine.

from
Behind the French Menu
by
Bryan G. Newman
Last updated March 2017.
  
Shrimp and avocado salad.
Photograph courtesy of brixton.
    
Crevettes and gambas on French menus
     
In France, the word crevettes may be used for any shrimp or prawn, with the Spanish word gamba being used to suggest larger sizes.  A marine biologist will tell you that shrimps and prawns are two quite distinct species; however, who is going to spend the time to re-educate me, other diners around the world, as well as the chefs. When in France and you want to order shrimps or prawns in a restaurant, a fishmonger, or a supermarket, just order crevettes or gambas.  N.B.: In this post, in English, I am only using the word shrimps; that may avoid some of the confusion in English.
    
Shrimp fisherman.
Photograph courtesy of Haute Bretagne
      
Shrimps on the menu.
     
French chefs create wonderful dishes with shrimp and in French seafood restaurants, you may order a number of different shrimps. Two of the shrimps offered will be the two most popular pink or red shrimps; a third will be the smaller but very tasty crevette gris, a gray or brown sand shrimp. After these popular three, there are many others, with the crevette géante tigrée, the giant tiger shrimp, leading the popularity stakes. Other shrimps may be on the menu using local or traditional names. Do not be surprised if confusion with some shrimp names occasionally reaches your menu.
   
Shrimps and more.
Jeanne Menj
      
Shrimps in the languages of France neighbors:
 
(Catalan – gambe), (German – garnelen, krevette, crevetten), (Italian -gamberetti, gamberone), (Spanish – gamba).
   

The Langoustine, the Dublin Bay prawn or Norwegian lobster. 
This is neither a shrimp, a prawn nor a lobster. it has a separate post, clicking on the following word "langoustine" now will take you there.  N.B.: The langoustine is also very different to the langouste, the rock lobster. The langouste is the rock lobster and the owner of lobster tail.  The similar French names of these two tasty crustaceans, the langouste, and the langoustine, often cause confusion.
Photograph courtesy of Peter Edin
       
Shrimps frying in garlic and herbs.
Photograph by courtesy of Manuelle|MC
            
Shrimp dishes on French menus:
  
Brochettes de Crevettes Grillées -  Skewers of grilled shrimps.           
       
Cocktail de Crevettes or a Cocktail aux Crevettes - A shrimp cocktail.  French shrimp cocktails will usually have a fresh mayonnaise or a Sauce Marie Rosé dressing. They will not be served with American cocktail sauce; the European taste for seafood cocktails does not include horseradish. The French cocktail sauce is usually called a Sauce Rosé, a Sauce Marie Rose or Sauce Cocktail. The basic recipe for this sauce is mayonnaise, ketchup, and Tabasco, sometimes with added cognac or another alcoholic flavor. The French cocktail sauce is, to my mind, far less overpowering to the taste buds than the American version. To see how seafood cocktails from the USA ended up on French menus click here.
  
Salade de Crevettes - A prawn salad.
Photograph by courtesy of Christina B Castro.
  
 Crevettes Décortiquées – Peeled shrimps.
    
Crevettes Ail et Persil a la Plancha – Shrimps flavored with garlic and parsley, cooked on a plancha.  The plancha is a solid, thick, flat sheet metal cooking plate and achieves a cooking taste somewhere between grilling and frying.  The modern plancha may look something like the flat cooking plate of a fast food restaurant; however,  a real plancha has three times the thickness and that gives a very even heat. The Basques claim ownership, as do the Spanish. In the Basque language, a plancha is called a planxa and that name will be on many South-Western French menus.  
                 
The most popular shrimps on French menus:
  
Crevette gris:
    
Crevette gris, crevette boucot, crevette boucard or sauterelle  The sand shrimp, or gray or brown sand shrimp. These are small but very tasty, small, shrimps. When on the menu a sand shrimp cocktail beats a regular shrimp cocktail hands- down. These shrimps, like others, turn pinkish after cooking.
  

Sand shrimp salad.
Photograph courtesy of Nate Gray.
    
La Bisque de Crevettes Grises  – A sand shrimp bisque. For more about bisques click here.
  
Croquettes de Crevettes Grises aux Fine Herbes    Round or log shaped chopped sand shrimps, flavored with France’s favorite herb group, the fine herbs, covered in breadcrumbs and deep-fried. Delicious.
  
Crevettes Gris de Zeebrugge  The same sand shrimp as elsewhere; however, here the menu is telling you that these were caught off the coast of Zeebrugge, the port and seaside resort of Brugge, Belgium. There are places at sea considered uniquely special for the fish and seafood caught there. Provenance at sea can affect your wallet as much as it does on land. If you can taste the difference, you will have to pay for it.
               
Tartare d'Avocats aux Crevettes Grises et PamplemousseA tartar of avocado, sand shrimps, and grapefruit.
Sand shrimps in the languages of France’s neighbors:
(Catalan - gamba d'esquer, (Dutch - noordzeegarnaal or grijze garnaal), (German – sandgarnele), (Italian - gamberetto grigio or gambero  grigi),  (Spanish – camarón gris, gamba  gris, quisquilla gris).          
    
Crevette Rose 
 
Crevette Rose or Crevette Bouquette – The common prawn, the pink shrimp; one of the two most popular shrimps on French menus. These shrimps can be up to 10 cms long. They will be part of many recipes and nearly always part of a seafood platter. These shrimps are a favorite for shrimp cocktails. N.B.: The pink shrimp on French menus is not the same as the North American pink shrimp.
 
Pink shrimp on sale.
Photograph by courtesy of DesignWallah.
           
Cocktail de Crevettes Rose à l'Avocat – A  pink shrimp served in half an avocado.  Fresh mayonnaise or Sauce Marie Rose will accompany the serving.
 
Crevettes Roses Grillées au Beurre à l'Ail – Pink shrimps grilled with garlic flavored butter.
        
Flan d'Endives aux Crevettes Rose, Sauce Moutarde – A flan or tart of endives made with Belgian endives, witlof.  Here the pink shrimp will be cooked together with the endives and the when ready the flan is served with a mustard sauce.
 
Pink shrimps in the languages of France’s neighbors:
 
(Catalan -pandàlids), (German - tiefseegarnele), (Italian – gambero rosso), (Spanish - camarón, rosado).
          
Crevette Nordique:
  
Crevette Rouge, Crevette Nordique The Northern prawn, the Norwegian wild prawn, the Northern pink shrimp, the Deep-Water prawn.  These shrimps are almost always part of a shellfish platter. The Northern pink shrimp on French and other European menus is not the same as the North American pink shrimp.
                                     
Salade de Crevettes Nordiques et Artichaut aux Agrumes  - A salad of the northern pink shrimps served with artichokes and citrus fruits.

The crevette rouge, the Northern prawn.
Photograph courtesy of Håkan Dahlström
 
Filet de Lotte avec Crevettes Nordiques – A filet of monkfish tail served with northern pink shrimps.
  
Tagliatelle aux Crevettes Nordiques et au Pineau des Charentes The northern pink shrimp served with tagliatelle and flavored with Pineau de Charentes. Pineau de Charentes is a unique and popular aperitif from  France’s Cognac region. For more about Pineau de Charentes click here.
 
Northern pink shrimps in the languages of France’s neighbors:
  
(Catalan - gamba boreal), (German -  eismeergarnele, nordmeer or nordische garnele), (Italian -, gamberetto boreali), (Spanish – camarón norteño).
   
Crevette Géante Tigrée 
                                
Crevette Tigrée or Crevette Géante Tigrée  - The tiger shrimp, giant tiger shrimp,  the jumbo tiger prawn, the black giant tiger shrimp. This large shrimp originated in Asia and while giant tiger shrimps are caught in the wild most come from shrimp farms. The subspecies of tiger shrimp come in many colors and many of their colors remain as stripes after cooking.  These stripes gave the shrimp the tiger in its name. In the wild, these shrimps can reach over 30 cms long; however, the farmed variety will be smaller, rarely over 20 cms. However, other large shrimp from the Mediterranean and shrimp farms are also called tiger shrimps.  If you really want the giant tiger shrimp, check with the server if the menu listing is for the crevette géante tigrée 
   
The Giant Tiger Shrimp.
Photograph courtesy of Paytai.
      
Crevettes Géante Tigrée Flambées Rhum, Ananas, Piments d'Espelette – Giant tiger shrimps prepared with pineapples and Espelette Peppers flambéed in rum. Espelette AOP peppers have been grown in France for hundreds of years. The town of Espelette is in the French Basque Country and its peppers are part of many Basque and Basque-influenced French dishes. In season, the houses in and around Espelette may be seen covered in drying peppers.   
  
Photograph courtesy of BluePoppy6 .
  
Crevettes Tigrées Géantes et Pétoncles Sautés de l’Atlantique Nord dans Notre Sauce Rosée – Giant tiger shrimps and queen scallops from  the North Atlantic served with our sauce rose.
  
Giant tiger shrimps in the languages of France’s neighbors:
  
(Dutch - grote tijgergarnaal or reuzen-tijgergarnaal), (German – riesengarnele), (Italian - gambero tigre gigante), (Spanish - camarón tigre gigante, langostino jumbo).
  
Shrimps, when cooked, have a meat that will be white, pinkish or bluish-white and firm when cooked.  If it you are served a shrimp that is soft or pasty then it is not fresh; do not eat it. Send it back. Do not eat pasty shrimps unless they are being sold as fish paste!

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The King Scallop and the Queen Scallop. On French Menus the Saint-Jacque, the Coquilles Saint-Jacques, and the Vanneaux or Pétoncle.
  

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Bryan G. Newman

Behind the French Menu.
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